Picture of Benjamin Hoy

Benjamin Hoy Ph.D. Stanford University

Associate Professor

Faculty Member in History

Arts 724

Research Area(s)

  • Indigenous History
  • Borderlands
  • Demography
  • Race
  • History
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Games


19th century First Nations GIS border control census demography history transnational mobility


A Line of Blood and Dirt: Creating the Canada-United States Border across Indigenous Lands (2021)

Recent Articles

“Cardboard Indians: Playing History in the American West.” Western History Quarterly 49, no. 3 (2018): 229–324. https://doi.org/10.1093/whq/why036.

“Teaching History with Custom-Built Board Games.” Simulation & Gaming 49, no. 2 (2018): 115–33. https://doi.org/10.1177/1046878118763624.

“Policing Morality: Regulating Sexuality across the Canada-United States Border.” Canadian Historical Review 99, no. 1 (2018): 30–62. https://doi.org/10.3138/chr.99.1.30

“Dispensing Irregular Justice: State Sponsored Abductions, Prisoner Surrenders, and Extralegal Renditions Along the Canadian-United States Border.” Law and History Review 35, no. 2 (2017): 321–50. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0738248017000098.

“Uncertain Counts: The Struggle to Enumerate First Nations in Canada and the United States 1870-1911.” Ethnohistory 62, no. 4 (2015): 729–50. https://doi.org/10.1215/00141801-3135322.

“A Border without Guards: First Nations and the Enforcement of National Space.” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 25, no. 2 (2014): 89–115. http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/1032842ar.

Teaching & Supervision

19th century 20th century GIS History Indigenous United States methodology

I teach undergraduate courses related to History and Games, U.S. History, Indigenous History, Historical Methods, Writing, and HGIS.


Borderlands History Canada Demography GIS History Indigenous history Race United States

My current research examines the creation, demarcation, and enforcement of the Canadian-United States border between 1775 and 1939. My work explores the contributions Indigenous communities made to the extension of federal power and the uneven impact the border ultimately had on Europeans, African Americans, Chinese, Cree, Lakota, Dakota, Nimiipuu, Métis, Coast Salish, Haudenosaunee, and Ojibwe communities. 

Education & Training

Ph.D. Stanford University 2015

M.A. Stanford University 2010

B.A. University of Guelph 2008